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How to Play Bass – 5 Easy Songs For Beginners

When you’re learning how to play bass you don’t want to play scales, or other boring exercises. You want to play songs, right? That’s what we all signed up for when we purchased a bass and started playing after all.

Here’s a list of 5 easy songs for those of you learning how to play bass.

1) With or Without You by U2.

This is a great tune for beginners to get hold of. Firstly it’s only got 4 notes (and I’ll give them to you for free – they are D, A, B and G) and each note is played a bar at a time, in straight 8th notes. So this is a good workout for your plucking hand and making sure that every note you play is even and consistent.

2) Stand By Me by Ben E King.

This has got a few more notes than the U2 song listed above. But it’s still a pretty straightforward song which has an 8 bar pattern that is all you need to learn. Once you can play it the pattern just repeats over and over from the start of the tune right through to the end.

3) Every Breath You Take by the Police.

I teach a simplified version of this which is a great tune for beginners. As with the U2 tune there are a lot of 8th notes, so again it’s a good examination of your plucking hand technique and making sure that all the notes are being played even and consistent.

4) Dancing In The Dark by Bruce Springsteen.

Garry Tallent – bass player with the E Street band – doesn’t get the credit he deserves in my opinion (Go listen to his playing on ‘The River,’ that album is full of great, melodic bass lines). As with With or Without You and Every Breath most of the action in this tune is with the plucking hand. So more consistent 8th notes please.

5) My Girl by The Temptations. Bass by James Jamerson.

If you’re at all serious about the bass then James Jamerson is a guy you have to check out. There’ll be more articles on him real soon. Anyway, My Girl is a nice, simple bassline to a great tune. It’s fun to play along with the record, and it’s got one of Jamerson’s many classic bass line sub hooks.

So if you’ve just started out learning how to play the bass and are looking for tunes to play – rather than scales – then these 5 tunes are as good a place to start as any.

If you want more bass related info, head over to my how to play bass website where you’ll find video lessons, articles, reviews and much more. There’s also a weekly ezine you can sign up for – in return for signing up you’ll get a PDF file with 5 cool bass lines in – and each week’s ezine features a bass line in music notation and bass tab. http://www.how-to-play-bass.com

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Nice African Songs photos

A few nice african songs images I found:

That Was the Year That Was – 1965
african songs
Image by brizzle born and bred
One moment that captures how much Britain has changed in the past 50 years was the death on Sunday, January 24, 1965, of perhaps the finest leader in our history.

‘Tonight, our nation mourns the loss of the greatest man any of us have ever known,’ the then Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, told the British people that evening.

He was referring, of course, to Sir Winston Churchill, the man who had led Britain through the darkest hour in our history and onwards to victory.

And in the days that followed, more than 300,000 people waited patiently in the cold to pay their respects to their fallen hero.

President, Lyndon Johnson, failed to attend Churchill’s funeral.

Johnson was widely criticized—here and abroad—for his failure to make the trip. Many in the British government saw it as a slight. And in some ways it represented a minor setback in American/Anglo relations at a crucial time in the Cold War.

For when you look back at Britain in 1965, it seems in so many ways an utterly different country, not just in its skylines, fashions and faces, but in its moral and cultural attitudes.

It was a country in which older men still wore hats and carried umbrellas; in which millions of children sat the 11-plus exam to decide whether they went to grammar school or to a secondary modern; in which pornography was almost unknown, most people did not even have a telephone, and thousands of working-class families still had outside toilets.

At the end of 1964, Wilson’s Labour government had come to power, promising to build a new Britain in the ‘white heat of the scientific revolution’.

But the technological gadgets so familiar today would have struck the vast majority as the stuff of fantasy. Most had never even been on an aeroplane.

Indeed, if you want a symbol of how much Britain has changed in the past five decades, then just think about the difference between today’s Premier League football stars – often foreign-born, living in gated communities and earning as much as £300,000 a week – and by far the most feted player of the day, who hung up his boots on February 6, 1965.

Almost incredibly, Stanley Matthews was still turning out for Stoke City at the age of 50. He played not for money or attention, but for sheer love of the game.

As one friend put it, he remained ‘for all his fame, as down-to-earth as the folk who once adorned the terraces in the hope of seeing him sparkle gold dust onto their harsh working lives’.

To Matthews, who interrupted his career to serve in the RAF during World War II, the antics of today’s spoiled Premier League superstars would have seemed inconceivable.

But he belonged to a generation that has vanished completely: reticent, dutiful and quietly conservative.

Like the death of Churchill, the retirement of Matthews – who was knighted in January 1965 as a reward for his extraordinary career – seemed to represent a threshold between old and new.

In sport, in culture, even in architecture, all the talk was of change.

Modernisation was all the rage, not least in the great cities of the North, where councils were competing to tear down the old Victorian streets and erect great high-rise monstrosities instead.

"On 19 April 1965, when Reggie Kray married Frances Elsie Shea… he had the event photographed by none other than the country’s most famous snapper, David Bailey, who arrived at the church in a blue velvet suit with matching blue Rolls-Royce, for all the world like Cecil Beaton recording the Queen’s Coronation of 12 years earlier."

It was indeed a year when class structures crumbled, a new aristocracy came to the fore with working class lads like Bailey, The Beatles and Michael Caine at the forefront.

But it was in the cultural sphere that change was really accelerating. The Beatles with the LSD-influenced Rubber Soul were swapping straightforward love songs for an imaginative introspection and existentialism, Dylan was stretching the boundaries of the pop song with his bile-splattered narrative "Like A Rolling Stone", Bridget Riley was conquering New York with her pre-psychedelia psychedelic paintings, John Fowles produced his astonishing The Magus, Dennis Potter and Ken Loach took television drama to a new level, Edward Bond’s Saved, in which a baby is stoned, shocked the censors and the theatre-going public.

Above all it was the first year that the words pop and culture could be used together without attracting ridicule – except perhaps from the self-appointed champion of the old order, Mary Whitehouse.

1965 Timeline

17 January – The Rolling Stones drummer Charlie Watts’ book, Ode to a High Flying Bird, a tribute to jazz great Charlie Parker, is published.

www.amazon.com/Ode-Highflying-Bird-Charlie-WATTS/dp/B0026…

21 January – The Animals’ show at New York’s Apollo Theater is canceled after the U.S. Immigration Department forces the group to leave the theater.

The Rolling Stones and Roy Orbison travel to Sydney to begin their Australian tour.

23 January – "Downtown" hits #1 in the US singles chart, making Petula Clark the first British female vocalist to reach the coveted position since the arrival of The Beatles.

24 January – The Animals appear a second time on The Ed Sullivan Show.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygJoV4FaAfQ

27 January – Paul Simon broadcasts on BBC radio for the first time, on the Five to Ten show, discussing and playing thirteen songs, twelve of which would appear on his May-recorded and August-released UK-only solo album, The Paul Simon Song Book.

6 February – Donovan gets his widest audience so far when he makes the first of three appearances on "Ready, Steady, Go!".

www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKqoKDsOuHE

12 February – NME reports that the Beatles will star in a film adaptation of Richard Condon’s novel A Talent for Loving. The story is about a 2,253-kilometer (1,400 mi) horse race that takes place in the old west. The film is never made.

24 February – The Beatles begin filming their second film, Help!

Richard Rodney Bennett’s opera The Mines of Sulphur is premièred at Sadler’s Wells Theatre in London.

20 March – Kathy Kirby, singing the UK entry "I Belong", finishes second in the 10th Eurovision Song Contest in Naples, Italy, behind France Gall, representing Luxembourg.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3aD6MD6gew

23 March – Benjamin Britten is appointed to the Order of Merit (OM).

April – Michael Tippett is invited as guest composer to the music festival in Aspen, Colorado. The visit leads to major changes in his style.

11 April – The New Musical Express poll winners’ concert takes place featuring performances by The Beatles, The Animals, The Rolling Stones, Freddie and the Dreamers, the Kinks, the Searchers, Herman’s Hermits, The Moody Blues, Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, Donovan, Cilla Black, Dusty Springfield and Tom Jones.

24 April – It took 30 years to organise a walk from one pub to another. But then the walk is The Pennine Way , and the distance between the pubs is 268 miles. The walk involves crossing more than 400 stiles, 200 bridges, and enough peat bogs and steep slopes to break an infrequent walker’s weary heart. And for those who negotiated the passage over many private properties it also involved tricky talks with a multitude of sometimes less than keen landowners.

The traditional starting point for The Pennine Way is the Nag’s Head in Derbyshire’s Edale , the end point The Border Hotel in Kirk Yetholm just over the border into Scotland. The trail, Britain’s first National Trail, was the brainchild of writer and long time Ramblers’ Association secretary Tom Stephenson, first mooted to the general public in an article in The Daily Herald in 1935.

After much parliamentary lobbying, innumerable negotiations, and great preparations of signage and information, the official opening of the Pennine Way came on April 24 1965, witnessed by an estimated 2,000 enthusiasts gathered at the beautiful Malham Moor in Yorkshire . Between 3,000 and 4,000 walkers now complete the trail every year, no easy task given the tough terrain and unpredictable weather conditions at some of the stages even in summer – the walk even defeated the great Wainwright. Those who tramp all 268 miles certainly deserve their celebratory drink in the well chosen finishing point.

5 May – Alan Price leaves The Animals, to be replaced temporarily by Mick Gallagher and permanently by Dave Rowberry.

6 May – Keith Richards and Mick Jagger begin work on "Satisfaction" in their Clearwater, Florida hotel room. Richards came up with the classic guitar riff while playing around with his brand new Gibson "Fuzz box".

8 May – The British Commonwealth comes closer than it ever had, or would, to a clean sweep of the US Hot 100’s top 10, lacking only the #2 slot.

30 May – The Animals appear for a third time on The Ed Sullivan Show.

12 June – The Beatles are appointed Members of the British Empire (MBE) by the Queen. With no tradition of awarding popular entertainers such honours, a number of previous recipients complain and protest.

July – John Cale, with his new collaborators Lou Reed and Sterling Morrison, makes a demo tape which he tries to pass on to Marianne Faithfull. These are the beginnings of the Velvet Underground.

5 July – Maria Callas gives her last operatic performance, in the title role of Tosca, at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.

8 July – A minor figure in the Great Train Robbery of 1963, Ronnie Biggs has nevertheless become the most famous name among those criminals who pulled off the most audacious robbery of the sixties .

There is a tendency to glamorize the Great Train Robbers, to turn them into Robin Hood figures. They carried out a robbery that cost the country £2.6 million, the equivalent of maybe £45 million today – most of the money was never recovered. The assistant train driver was thrown down a railway embankment, and the train driver coshed with an iron bar, never being fit to return to work before his premature death in 1970.

Biggs had been detailed to look after the train driver brought to move the hijacked engine and carriage to the place where the gang had left their vehicles. The driver could not work the train, so Biggs and he were sent to load money sacks. In spite of this Biggs received a 30-year sentence.

On July 8 1965 Biggs and three other men escaped from Wandsworth Prison in a carefully planned and well financed operation. A ladder was thrown over the prison wall at just after 3pm as the men exercised. A furniture van with a platform on top was outside the wall, to hold the ladder in place and make the descent from the top rapid and safe. Prison officers who tried to intervene as the men fled were held back by other prisoners in the yard.

Three cars were waiting for them (and as a shotgun was found afterwards in one of the cars it is reasonable to assume they were prepared to use violence).

Biggs along with his wife and sons managed to slip out of Britain to Paris, where he underwent plastic surgery to alter his appearance, and where he obtained false papers that allowed him in 1970 to move to Australia after spending some time in Spain.

In Australia, however, he was recognized, and forced to move before fleeing the country when the chase threatened him again.

Biggs spent more than three decades in Brazil, cocking a snook at the British authorities who were unable to extradite him. He was kidnapped in 1981 and taken out of Brazil, but had to be let go on a technicality.

Biggs returned to the UK in 2001, a sick man, partly to receive health treatment, partly because it seems he hoped to be allowed to go free. He was, however, arrested and returned to begin serving the remaining 28 years of his sentence.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=aEbQbHZURZ8

13 July – The Beatles receive a record five Ivor Novello Awards.

4 August – Iain Hamilton’s Cantos receives its world première at The Proms, performed by the BBC Symphony Orchestra and conducted by Norman Del Mar.

6 August – The Small Faces release "Whatcha Gonna Do About It", their first single.

The Beatles release the soundtrack to their second movie Help!

15 August – Just a couple of years earlier The Beatles were playing to audiences of a few dozen at some of their Cavern gigs in Liverpool ; on August 15 1965 55,600 fans crowded in to Shea Stadium, the home of baseball team the New York Mets, to hear the group play the first concert of their American tour. Or rather not hear them: with Beatlemania at its scariest (there were 2000 security personnel on hand, and the Fab Four arrived in an armoured truck), the band took the stage in the centre of the field to deafening screams; twelve songs later they left, the screams having drowned out what they had been playing. For the record the songs that night included: Act Naturally; She’s a Woman; and Twist and Shout. It mattered little to an army of women and girls determined to scream, cry, faint and worse.

With the band members unable to hear themselves in spite of using the massive stadium PA, the concert descended to the absurd, John Lennon at the end playing the keyboard with his elbows to demonstrate the futility of the exercise. Futile, but profitable: the concert grossed more than 0,000, and is seen as the genesis of Stadium Rock.

26 Aug – They were only four among a total of 189 receiving honours that day, but it was obvious who the photographers at the gates of Buckingham Palace wanted to capture arriving, and who the 4,000 or more screaming fans were there to see – The Beatles . They duly arrived in John Lennon’s Rolls in plenty of time for the 11am investiture, in spite of the fact that, according to John Lennon , they didn’t believe in the institution of the royal family. Even inside the Palace they couldn’t escape the fans, or parents of fans at any rate, having to sign autographs for others there on the day.

It was something of a shock in the sixties for pop stars to be so honoured, though now it is becoming commonplace – politicians love rubbing shoulders with their rock heroes, even if some of those shoulders must be decidedly arthritic by now. Harold Wilson knew a popular band wagon when he saw one, and jumped on, awarding The Fab Four MBEs – Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire.

Years later John Lennon, who returned his MBE in 1969 as a protest against Britain’s stance on Biafra and Vietnam, claimed they had smoked cannabis in the toilet at the palace, though George denied it. But when Lord Cobbold, the Lord Chamberlain, called out their names they stepped forward as instructed, bowed politely in the right places, exchanged a few words, and walked away backwards so as not to turn their backs to the Queen .

27 August – The Beatles visit Elvis Presley at his home in Bel-Air. It is the only time the band and the singer meet.

11 September – The Last Night of The Proms is conducted by Sir Malcolm Sargent, with Josephine Veasey as soloist for the traditional rendition of "Rule, Britannia.

30 September – Donovan appears on Shindig! in the U.S. and plays Buffy Sainte-Marie’s "Universal Soldier".

Much mimicked, but much loved too, Thunderbirds like Gerry Anderson’s other Supermarionation series (Stingray, Captain Scarlet et al) struck a chord with children as however brilliant the pupeteering it still seemed like toys saving the world. When you are eight you have little reason to think they can’t.

Filmed somewhat incongruously in Slough , the series featured the American Tracy family of all-action heroes, led by father Jeff, one of the first men on the moon (as the series was set in 2065 not the best prediction ever). Every boy wanted to be Scott or Virgil; and hoped for a Thunderbird 1 Dinky Toy at Christmas.

The very first episode, for the record, was Trapped in the Sky, written by Gerry Anderson and his then wife Sylvia, who also voiced Lady Penelope. In the show the Hood sabotages a new super-aircraft, forcing the International Rescue team to come to its aid so he can steal their secrets. It was only kids in the ATV Midlands region who got to enjoy that first September 30 broadcast; London only joined the jerky-armed party on Christmas Day that year.

Mock the occasionally-visible strings as we do, the production values on the series were very high, various techies later poached to work on Star Wars for example. And each of the early episodes ran to 50 minutes, effectively a mini-movie.

Do we still love them? Y-y-y-yes M-Mr Tracy.

17 October – The Animals appear for a fourth time on The Ed Sullivan Show.

5 November – The Who release their iconic single "My Generation" in the UK. This song contains the famous line: "I hope I die before I get old"

8 Nov – In the mid- Sixties Britain was becoming more racially diverse. New arrivals to Britain and immigrants long established in the country shamefully often faced discrimination: signs on lodgings stating: “no blacks”; people refused entry to certain pubs and shops because of their race; discourtesies and even assault in public places by those who resented the changing face of the nation. The 1965 Race Relations Act was an attempt by the Labour government, albeit a very weak attempt, to address this situation.

Discrimination, however, was made a civil not a criminal offence, partly because of arguments put forward by the Conservatives that race relations would be soured further were the legislation to be given teeth. And though discrimination “in places of public resort” was outlawed, inexplicably shops and private boarding houses were excluded; so was discrimination in employment, and even local authority policy on renting property. The act, then, was very superficial. There are times when British compromise can be laudable; this was not one of them. The legislation was given greater range in 1968 and 1976.

The 1965 act did, however, set up the Race Relations Board, which came into operation the following year. It initially had very limited scope and powers, its remit monitoring and persuasion; but a seed had been sown.

3 December – The Beatles release their album Rubber Soul, along with the double A-sided single "Day Tripper / We Can Work It Out". George Harrison’s performance on the sitar on the track "Norwegian Wood" leads to his becoming a pupil of Ravi Shankar.

The Who release their debut album My Generation.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=qN5zw04WxCc

Not bad for a debut album – presaging punk in songs like My Generation; heavy metal in The Ox; and blending blues and pop in I’m a Man and The Kids Are Alright to create a sound that would stir a million Mods. Throw in a wonderful version of James Brown’s classic Please, Please, Please and it was definitely worth a listen. Pop-rock quickly followed some enjoyably energetic detours thanks to The Who. You can almost forgive them for Tommy later in their career.

Originally recorded in mono My Generation has been remixed in Stereo several times, but probably loses more than it gains in the process which seems about as logical as redoing the famous artwork with pictures of the band in later years (though Moon didn’t have all that many).

Many critics would consider the album, at one time dismissed by the band as a bit of a rush job, as one of the most seminal in British rock history: Townshend ’s raw guitar; Keith Moon’s manic drumming; John Entwistle’s backseat driving bass; and Roger Daltrey ’s chameleon vocals all models for their generation and more besides – The Jam very indebted to their forerunners. After the LP was released every band probably still yearned for the success of the Beatles ; but most wanted to sound like the gods of Shepherd’s Bush , The Who.

13 Dec – The original format for Jackanory was elegant in its simplicity: an actor or occasionally a TV personality like Clement Freud or a figure from an entirely different world like Prince Charles reading a book out loud to children, with occasional illustrations shown on screen (often by Quentin Blake ). Magical.

It captivated children from toddlers through to their primary school years, becoming a fixed element of every weekday for millions of families, quarter of an hour of almost guaranteed peace for any adult looking after them: the insistent theme-tune – Jackanory Jackanory – acted like an off-switch for play, a signpost pointing towards bedtime.

Over the years – the original series came to an end in 1996 – some great names appeared as readers: Kenneth Williams perhaps the most frequent; Spike Milligan ; Bernard Cribbins; the genius that was Arthur Lowe ; Michael Hordern and Joyce Grenfell to list but a few of the finest.

The very first programme on December 13 1965 featured Lee Montague, an actor better known for his hard-man roles on TV and in films.

Naturally when the BBC revived the idea in 2006 it had to be tampered with – animation used, and multiple actors; and no fixed slot to give that blessed routine that makes life with children so much easier. Perhaps it takes imagination to believe in the power of imagination.

22 Dec – The day that must be etched on Jeremy Clarkson ’s heart.

Just before Christmas 1965 Transport Minister Tom Fraser (not Barbara Castle, as many seem to think) introduced a 70mph limit for drivers on motorways, following several pile-ups in the foggy autumn and winter of that year, though another cause is sometimes cited – the era’s super-cars being seen on motorways in legal-speak: “Travelling at speeds in excess of 150mph”.

Like Income Tax in 1799 this was to be a temporary measure. In the sixties many car drivers were the first in their family to own a vehicle, so with fewer points of reference as regards driving than is the case today. The engineering on some cars (especially in those days brakes) was not great, with many struggling to reach 70mph. At the time then few voices were raised against the measure.

Barbara Castle confirmed the limit as a permanent fixture when she was transport minister in 1967. The genie was out of the bottle to stay.

As driving experience has become ingrained, cars have radically improved, and road building likewise, voices are now starting to be heard about raising the limit, comparing things with France where the top speed is 130kph (80mph), for example. But the chances of this happening are roughly equivalent to those of proportional representation and free beer for all. Indeed it should be recalled that in a period of energy crisis in 1973 the limit was dropped to 50mph for a time, so the smart money would be on a decrease before any increase.

By way of interest, if you feel the need, the need for speed, try the Isle of Man , where rural roads are still de-restricted. Or Germany where much of the autobahn network has no limit. Or if you fancy going a bit further afield, Nepal is another option, though you might want to watch out for a few of those mountain bends.

The first Ford Transit produced by Ford Motor Company in 1965

BillBoard Hot 100 Number One Hits 1965

www.youtube.com/watch?v=nwIOFjIwF8Y

Events

1 January – Introduction of new "Worboys Committee" road signs.

6 Jan – Geoff Boycott takes 3-47 against South Africa, his best Test bowling.

7 January – Identical twin brothers Ronnie and Reggie Kray, are arrested on suspicion of running a protection racket in London.

14 January – The Prime Ministers of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland meet for the first time in 43 years.

15 January – Sir Winston Churchill is reported to be seriously ill after suffering a stroke.

24 January – Sir Winston Churchill dies aged 90 at Chartwell, his Kent home of more than 40 years.

30 January – Thousands attend Winston Churchill’s state funeral in London. During the three days of lying-in-state, 321,000 people file past the catafalque, and the funeral procession travels from Westminster Hall to the service at St Paul’s Cathedral, attended by the Queen, Prime Minister Harold Wilson, and representatives of 112 countries.

31 January – National Health prescription charges end.

1 February – The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh arrive in Ethiopia on a state visit.

4 February – Confederation of British Industry founded.

6 February – Sir Stanley Matthews plays his final First Division game, at the record age of 50 years and 5 days.

16 February – The British Railways Board (chairman: Richard Beeching) publishes The Development of the Major Trunk Routes proposing which lines should receive investment (and, by implication, which should not).

18 February – The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

3 March – The remains of Roger Casement, from Pentonville Prison, are reburied in Dublin.

10 March – Goldie, a London Zoo golden eagle, is recaptured after 13 days of freedom.

19 March – A record price of 760,000 guineas is paid at Christie’s for Rembrandt’s Titus

23 March – Dr Dorothy Hodgkin is awarded the Order of Merit.

1 April – The Greater London Council comes into its powers, replacing the London County Council and greatly expanding the metropolitan area of the city.

Finance Act introduces corporation tax, replacing income tax for corporate institutions.

6 April – Government publicly announces cancellation of the BAC TSR-2 nuclear bomber aircraft project.

23 April – Red velvet minidress.

26 April – Manchester United win the Football League First Division title.

1 May – Liverpool win the FA Cup for the first time in their history, beating Leeds United 2-1 at Wembley Stadium. Roger Hunt and Ian St John score for Liverpool, while Billy Bremner scores the consolation goal for Leeds.

7 May – The Rhodesian Front under Prime Minister Ian Smith win a landslide election victory in Rhodesia.

11 May – The National Trust officially launches its long-term Enterprise Neptune project to acquire or put under covenant a substantial part of the Welsh, English and Northern Irish coastline. Whiteford Burrows on the Gower Peninsula is considered the first property to be acquired under the campaign although its purchase was announced on 1 January.

13 May – The Conservatives make big gains in the UK local government elections.

17 May – An underground explosion at Cambrian Colliery in Clydach Vale kills 31.

18 May – The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh begin a 10-day state visit to the Federal German Republic.

19 May – West Ham United become the second British club to win a European trophy, defeating West German 1860 Munich 2-0 at Wembley Stadium.

3 June – The bank rate is reduced to 6 per cent.

18 June – The government announces plans for the introduction of a blood alcohol limit for drivers in its clampdown on drink-driving.

22 June – The 700th anniversary of Parliament is celebrated.

8 July – Great Train Robber Ronald Biggs escapes from Wandsworth Prison.

12 July – The Secretary of State for Education and Science, Tony Crosland, issues Circular 10/65 requesting local authorities to convert their schools to the Comprehensive system.

22 July – Sir Alec Douglas-Home suddenly resigns as a head of the British Conservative Party.

24 July – Freddie Mills, former British boxing champion, is found shot in his car in Soho.

27 July – Edward Heath becomes leader of the British Conservative Party following its first leadership election by secret ballot.

29 July – The Beatles film Help! debuts in London.

August – Elizabeth Lane appointed as the first female High Court judge, assigned to the Family Division.

1 August – Cigarette advertising is banned on British television.

Radio and television licence fees are increased.

3 August – Release of the film Darling starring Julie Christie.
"The Queen’s Award to Industry" for export and technological advancements is created.

6 August – Peter Watkins’ The War Game, a television drama-documentary depicting the aftermath of a nuclear attack on the UK, is pulled from its planned transmission as BBC1’s The Wednesday Play for political reasons. It will go on to win the 1966 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.

The first female High Court judge is appointed.

21 August – Charlton Athletic F.C. player Keith Peacock becomes the first substitute to appear in a Football League match.

2 September – Sir Harry Hylton-Foster, Speaker of the House of Commons, dies.

21 September – British Petroleum strikes oil in the North Sea.

24 September – The British governor of Aden cancels the Aden constitution and takes direct control of the protectorate, due to the bad security situation.

30 September – First episode of ATV ‘Supermarionation’ series Thunderbirds airs.

7 October – Ian Brady, a 27-year-old stock clerk from Hyde in Cheshire, is charged with the murder of 17-year-old apprentice electrician Edward Evans to death at a house on the Hattersley housing estate last night.

8 October – The Post Office Tower opens in London.

16 October – Police find a girl’s body on Saddleworth Moor near Oldham in Lancashire. The body is quickly identified as that of Lesley Ann Downey, who disappeared on Boxing Day last year from a fairground in the Ancoats area of Manchester, at the age of 10. Ian Brady, arrested last week for the murder of a 17-year-old man in nearby Hattersley, is suspected of murdering Lesley, as is his 23-year-old girlfriend Myra Hindley, who on 11 October was also charged with the murder of Edward Evans. Police suspect that other missing people from the Manchester area, including 12-year-old John Kilbride (who was last seen alive nearly three years ago) could be also be buried there; some reports state that as many as 11 murder victims may have been buried in the area.

20 October – It is reported that suspected mass murderer Ian Brady tortured his victims and tape-recorded the attacks on them. Detectives in Brady’s native Scotland are also reportedly investigating the disappearance of 12-year-old Moira Anderson in Lanarkshire eight years ago as a possible link to Brady.

21 October – Ian Brady and Myra Hindley are charged with the murder of Lesley Ann Downey and remanded in custody.

22 October – African countries demand that the United Kingdom use force to prevent Rhodesia from declaring unilateral independence.

24 October – Prime Minister Harold Wilson and Arthur Bottomley travel to Rhodesia for negotiations.

Police find the decomposed body of a boy on Saddleworth Moor. The body is identified as that of John Kilbride, a 12-year-old boy who disappeared from Ashton-Under-Lyne in November 1963.

29 October – Ian Brady and Myra Hindley appear in court, charged with the murders of Edward Evans (17), Lesley Ann Downey (10) and John Kilbride (12).

October – Corgi Toys introduce the all-time best selling model car, James Bond’s Aston Martin DB5 from the film Goldfinger.

1 November – Three cooling towers at the uncompleted Ferrybridge C electricity generating station in West Yorkshire collapse in high winds.

5 November – Martial law is announced in Rhodesia. The UN General Assembly accepts British intent to use force against Rhodesia if necessary by a vote of 82-9.

8 November – The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands (on 23 June 1976 Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches are returned to Seychelles).

The Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act suspends capital punishment for murder in England, Scotland and Wales, for five years in the first instance, replacing it with a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment.

The Race Relations Act outlaws public racial discrimination.

11 November – In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white minority regime of Ian Smith unilaterally declares independence.

13 November – The word "fuck" is spoken for the first time on British television by the theatre critic Kenneth Tynan.

20 November – The UN Security Council recommends that all states stop trading with Rhodesia.

29 November – Mary Whitehouse founds the National Viewers’ and Listeners’ Association.

December – EMI release Jacqueline du Pré’s recording of Elgar’s Cello Concerto with John Barbirolli and the London Symphony Orchestra.

National Coal Board closes the last deep coal mine in the Forest of Dean (Northern United at Cinderford).

3 December – The first British aid flight arrives in Lusaka; Zambia had asked for British help against Rhodesia.

12 December – The Beatles’ last live U.K. tour concludes with two performances at the Capitol, Cardiff.

15 December – Tanzania and Guinea sever diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom.

17 December – The British government begins an oil embargo against Rhodesia; the United States joins the effort.

22 December – A 70 mph speed limit is imposed on British roads.

A reorganisation of the cabinet sees Roy Jenkins appointed Home Secretary and Barbara Castle as Minister of Transport.

24 December – A meteorite shower falls on Barwell, Leicestershire.

27 December – The British oil platform Sea Gem collapses in the North Sea, killing 13 of the 32 men on it.

30 December – President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia announces that Zambia and the United Kingdom have agreed to a deadline before which the Rhodesian white government should be ousted.

U.S. Events

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and more than 2,600 others arrested in Selma, Ala., during demonstrations against voter-registration rules (Feb. 1). Background: Civil Rights.

Malcolm X, black-nationalist leader, shot to death at Harlem rally (Feb. 21).

Blacks riot for six days in Watts section of Los Angeles: 34 dead, over 1,000 injured, nearly 4,000 arrested (Aug. 11-16).

1965: US orders 50,000 troops to Vietnam

President Johnson has commited a further 50,000 US troops to the conflict in Vietnam.

Monthly draft calls will increase from 17,000 to 35,000 – the highest level since the Korean War, when between 50,000 and 80,000 men were called up each month.

It will take the US force in Vietnam up to 125,000 but officials say at this stage demands should be met by conscription, without calling upon the reserves.

Muhammad Ali defeated Sonny Liston.

During the Gemini 4 mission on June 3, 1965, Ed White became the first American to conduct a spacewalk.

1965 Swedish engineer Sten Gustav Thulin was issued U.S. patent No. 3,180,557 (assigned to Celloplast company) for the modern disposable plastic grocery bag.

1965 Astronaut John Young smuggled a corned beef sandwich aboard the first Gemini spacecraft flight.

1965 ‘A Charlie Brown Christmas’ premiered on CBS TV.

1965 Cool Whip, a whipped cream substitute, was introduced by General Foods. Within 3 months it is the top selling whipped topping product.

1965 Ellen Church died on Aug 22 (born Sept 22, 1904). The first airline stewardess.

1965 Canada adopted its new red & white flag with a red maple leaf in the center.

1965 The first Subway sandwich shop opens in Bridgeport, Connecticut.

1965 ‘Pepper’ Martin, baseball player died.

1965 Discovered that addition of vitamins C and E reduced levels of nitrosamines in fried bacon and nitrite-cured products; industry changed processing to minimize consumer exposure to cancer-causing nitrosamines.

1965 The entire cast of the comic strip ‘Peanuts’ was featured on the cover of TIME magazine.

1965 R. C. Duncan was granted a patent for ‘Pampers’ disposable diapers.

1965 Campbell Soup Company introduces Franco-American Spaghetti-O’s.

1965 Jimmy Chamberlain of the music group ‘The Smashing Pumpkins’ was born.

1965 The Rolling Stones recorded the frustrated diners lament, "(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction."

1965 Norwood Fisher of the music group ‘Fishbone’ was born.

1965 Green Acres TV show debuted.

1965 Paul Hermann Muller died. A Swiss chemist who discovered that DDT was a potent insecticide. It was the most widely used insecticide for more than 20 years, and helped to increase food production around the world. Due mainly to its accumulation in animals that eat insects, and its toxic effects on them and those further up the food chain, it has been banned in the U.S. since 1972. However its residue is still found in some foods grown in the U.S. in 2005.

1965 The Pillsbury Doughboy, ‘Poppin’ Fresh,’ was born. He made his debut in a commercial for crescent rolls.

1965 At 5:15 pm on November 9, a 13 hour blackout of the northeastern U.S. and parts of Canada began when the electric grid failed.

1965 British author, W. Somerset Maugham died. Among the titles of his novels and short stories are: ‘Cakes and Ale’, ‘The Alien Corn’ and ‘The Breadwinner.’

1965 ‘Taste Of Honey’ by Herb Alpert & Tijuana Brass hit #1 on the charts.

Almost 50 years ago, a small team at the Italian company Olivetti managed to do what no one had done before them; they created a computer small enough to fit on a desk, and could be used by regular people. It was the Programma 101, what many consider to be the world’s first personal computer.

To understand just how revolutionary the Programma 101 was when it was unveiled back in 1965, you first have to know what computers looked like at the time. Remember, this was almost 50 years ago. It was the era of huge mainframes, big as fridges, sometimes filling up entire rooms. Only a small elite had access to them.

1965 in British television

2 January – World of Sport premieres on ITV with Eamonn Andrews as its first presenter.

January – The BBC collaborates with Ireland’s RTÉ on an historic television broadcast as Irish Taoiseach Seán Lemass and Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O’Neill meet for the first time in Belfast.

30 May – A televised tribute to the late British bandleader and impresario Jack Hylton called The Stars Shine for Jack is held in London at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.

1 August – Cigarette adverts are banned from UK television. Pipe tobacco and cigar adverts continue until 1991.

6 August – The War Game, a drama-documentary by director Peter Watkins depicting the events of a fictional nuclear attack on the United Kingdom, is controversially pulled from its planned transmission in BBC1’s The Wednesday Play anthology strand. The BBC was pressured into this move by the British government, which did not want much of the play’s content to become public. It was eventually released to cinemas, and won the 1966 Academy Award for Documentary Feature. The BBC finally screened the play in 1985.

4 October – United! premieres on BBC1.

4 October – The BBC announces plans to introduce a new service for Asian immigrants starting the following week.

13 November – The word "fuck" is spoken for the first time on British television by the theatre critic Kenneth Tynan.

BBC 1

9 January – Not Only… But Also (1965–1970)
31 March – Going for a Song (1965–1977)
13 April – The Bed-Sit Girl (1965–1966)
7 July – Tomorrow’s World (1965–2003)
22 July – Till Death Us Do Part (1965–1975)
2 October – BBC-3 (1965–1966)
4 October – United! (1965–1967)
18 October – The Magic Roundabout (1965–1977)
19 October – The Newcomers (1965–1969)
13 December – Jackanory (1965–1996, 2006–present)

BBC2

24 March – The Airbase (1965)
17 October – Call My Bluff (1965–1988, 1994, 1996–2005)

ITV

2 January – World of Sport (1965–1985)
23 January – Public Eye (1965–1975)
30 September – Thunderbirds (1965–1966)

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Cool African Songs images

Some cool african songs images:

???? Female Zebrafish-01_Worth US0 dollars
african songs
Image by ??
1101_2011_Update

Thanks for the German AtmoSAFE Company choosing this zebrafish photo named "Female Zebrafish-01_Worth 0 US dollars" on their official website homepage.
The homegape URL is " www.atmosafe.net/de.html ".
The application article is "Der Zebrafisch mag keinen Stress" and its URL is " www.atmosafe.net/de/anwendungen/bebrueten-und-zuechten/ze… "

0428.2011 Update

Thanks for the Anaspec Company choosing this zebrafish photo named "Female Zebrafish-01_worth 0 US dollars" on one Z-Fish Antibodies ad in the 2011 zebrafish meeting brochure (www.union.wisc.edu/zebrafish/).

The zebrafish meeting is "4th Strategic Conference of Zebrafish Investigators" to be held January 29th – February 2nd, 2011 at Asilomar Conference Center in Pacific Grove, California.

0214.2010 Update
Thanks for the Notre Dame University’s NDeRC (Notre Dame extended Research Community) choose this photo as the main photo along their BioEyes website (erc.nd.edu/blogs/bioeyes/) and thier Collaborations website (erc.nd.edu/collaborations/).

0422.2009 Update
Thanks for the CBCnews Canada choosing this zebrafish photo named "Female Zebrafish-01_Worth 0 US dollars" on their official website.
The homegape URL is "http://www.cbc.ca/news".
The application article is "The eyes have it" and its URL is "http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/the-eyes-have-it-1.791619"

Acknowledgement :
Thanks for the "Lin Li-Yih Lab"* supplied the zebrafish.
* Lin Li-Yih Lab, The Department of Life Science, The National Taiwan Normal University, ROC.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
The following descriptions of zebrafish quote from wikipedia website (URL: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebrafish). All Rights are belonging to "Wikipedia website".

Zebrafish:

1.Introduce: The zebrafish, Danio rerio, is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). It is a popular aquarium fish, frequently sold under the trade name zebra danio, and is an important vertebrate model organism in scientific research.

2.Distribution: The zebrafish is native to the streams of the southeastern Himalayan region., including the countries Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Myanmar. It arose in the Ganges region in Eastern India. It commonly inhabits streams, canals, ditches, ponds, and slow-moving to stagnant water bodies, including rice fields. Zebrafish have been introduced to parts of the United States, presumably by deliberate release or by escape from fish farms. They have also been sighted in Colombia.

3.Description: The fish is named for the five uniform, pigmented, horizontal blue stripes on the side of the body, all of which extend to the end of the caudal fin. Its shape can be described as fusiform and laterally compressed, with its mouth directed upwards. Males are torpedo shaped and have gold stripes between the blue stripes; females have a larger, whitish belly and have silver stripes instead of gold. Adult females will exhibit a small genital papilla in front of the anal fin origin. The zebrafish can grow to 6.4 centimetres (2.5 in), although it is uncommon for them to grow past 4 centimetres in captivity.
The approximate generation time for the Danio is 3–4 months. It has been observed that there must be a male present in order for ovulation and spawning of eggs to occur. Females are able to spawn as often as 2–3 days with hundreds of eggs being laid in each clutch. Upon release from the mother, developmental steps will be made, however without the presence of sperm growth will stop after the first few embryonic cleavages. Fertilized eggs will almost immediately become transparent, which is an important characteristic yielding D. rerio as a convenient research model. Development rapidly progresses, with precursors to all major organs appearing within 36 hours of fertilization. Hatching will take place anywhere from 48–72 hours post-fertilization, depending on the internal conditions of the embryo itself and the external temperature (ideally 28.5 °C). Swimming and feeding behavior are observed to occur approximately 72 hours post-fertilization. The sex of juvenile zebrafish cannot be distinguished except by dissection, and the genetic sex determinants are not clearly understood. The range of life-span for a zebrafish in captivity is around 2–3 years, although in ideal conditions, they may live up to 5 years. The zebrafish is omnivorous, and it primarily eats zooplankton, insects, and phytoplankton. It can eat a variety of foods if its main sources are not readily available.

4.Model organism for development and genetics: Zebrafish chromatophores, shown here mediating background adaptation, are studied by scientists D. rerio are a common and useful model organism for studies of vertebrate development and gene function. They may supplement higher vertebrate models, such as rats and mice. Pioneering work of George Streisinger at the University of Oregon established the zebrafish as a model organism; its importance was consolidated by large scale forward genetic screens (commonly referred to as the Tübingen/Boston screens). The scholarly journal Development devoted an issue to research using the fish in celebration of this landmark. An online database of zebrafish genetic, genomic, and developmental information, the Zebrafish Information Network (ZFIN), has been established. D. rerio is one of the few species of fish to have been flown into space.
A Zebrafish Pigment Mutant. The mutant called bleached blond was produced by insertional mutagenesis. The embryos in the picture are four days old. At the top is a wild-type embryo, below is the mutant. The mutant lacks black pigment in the melanocytes because it fails to synthesise melanin properly.
Research with D. rerio has allowed advances in the fields of developmental biology, oncology, toxicology, reproductive studies, teratology, genetics, neurobiology, environmental sciences, stem cell and regenerative medicine, and evolutionary theory. Perhaps its greatest advantages for use in the laboratory as a model system come from its now sequenced genetic code, well understood, easily observable and testable developmental behaviors, and the availability of well-characterized mutants. Zebrafish embryonic development provides advantages over other vertebrate model organisms as well. Although the overall generation time of zebrafish is comparable to that of mice, zebrafish embryos develop rapidly, progressing from eggs to larvae in under three days. The embryos are large, robust, and transparent and develop externally to the mother, characteristics which all facilitate experimental manipulation and observation. Their nearly constant size during early development facilitates simple staining techniques, and drugs may be administered by adding directly to the tank. Unfertilized eggs can be made to divide, and the two-celled embryo fused into a single cell, creating a fully homozygous embryo.
See link for pigmentation mutants of D rerio: www.nature.com/hdy/journal/v97/n3/fig_tab/6800867f5.html#…
A common reverse genetics technique is to reduce gene expression or modify splicing in zebrafish using Morpholino antisense technology. Morpholino oligonucleotides are stable, synthetic macromolecules that contain the same bases as DNA or RNA; by binding to complementary RNA sequences, they reduce the expression of specific genes. The journal Genesis devoted an issue to research using Morpholino oligos, mostly in D. rerio. Morpholino oligonucleotides can be injected into one cell of a zebrafish embryo after the 32-cell stage, producing an organism in which gene expression is reduced in only the cells descended from the injected cell. However, cells in the early embryo (<32 cells) are interpermeable to large molecules, allowing diffusion of Morpholinos between cells. A known problem with gene knockdowns in zebrafish is that, because the genome underwent a duplication after the divergence of ray-finned fishes and lobe-finned fishes, it is not always easy to silence the activity one of the two gene paralogs reliably due to complementation by the other paralog.
Despite the complications of the zebrafish genome a number of commercially available global platforms for analysis of both gene expression by microarrays and promoter regulation using ChIP-on-chip exist.
Zebrafish have the ability to regenerate fins, skin, the heart, and the brain (in larval stages). Zebrafish have also been found to regenerate photoreceptors and retinal neurons following injury. The mechanisms of this regeneration are unknown, but are currently being studied. Researchers frequently cut the dorsal and ventral tail fins and analyze their regrowth to test for mutations. This research is leading the scientific community in the understanding of healing/repair mechanisms in vertebrates.

5.Recent developments: In October 2001, researchers from the University of Oklahoma published the complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of D. rerio. The length of the zebrafish mitochondrial genome is 16,596 base pairs. This is within 100 base pairs of other related species of fish, and it is notably only 18 bp longer than the goldfish (Carassius auratus) and 21 bp longer than the carp (Cyprinus carpio). The zebrafish gene order and content is identical to the common vertebrate form of mitochondrial DNA. It contains 13 protein-coding genes and a noncoding control region containing the origin of replication for the heavy strand. In between a grouping of five tRNA genes, a sequence resembling vertebrate origin of light strand replication is found. In comparing the nucleotide sequence to other vertebrates it is difficult to draw any evolutionary conclusions because it is difficult to determine as to whether base pair changes have adaptive significance.
In December 2005, a study of the golden strain identified the gene responsible for the unusual pigmentation of this strain as SLC24A5, a solute carrier that appeared to be required for melanin production, and confirmed its function with a Morpholino knockdown. The orthologous gene was then characterized in humans and a one base pair difference was found to segregate strongly between fair-skinned Europeans and dark-skinned Africans. This study featured on the cover of the academic journal Science and demonstrates the power of zebrafish as a model organism in the relatively new field of comparative genomics.
In January 2007, Chinese researchers at Fudan University raised genetically modified fish that can detect estrogen pollution in lakes and rivers, showing environmental officials what waterways need to be treated for the substance, which is linked to male infertility. Song Houyan and Zhong Tao, professors at Fudan’s molecular medicine lab, spent three years cloning estrogen-sensitive genes and injecting them into the fertile eggs of zebrafish. The modified fish turn green if they are placed into water that is polluted by estrogen.
On August 1, 2007, researchers at University College London said they had grown in the laboratory a type of adult stem cell found in the eyes of fish and mammals that develops into neurons in the retina. These cells could be injected in the eye to treat all diseases where the retinal neurons are damaged — nearly every disease of the eye, including macular degeneration, glaucoma, and diabetes-related blindness. Damage to the retina — the part of the eye that sends messages to the brain — is responsible for most cases of sight loss. The researchers studied Müller glial cells in the eyes of humans aged from 18 months to 91 years and were able to develop them into all types of neurons found in the retina. They were also able to grow them easily in the lab, they reported in the journal Stem Cells. The cells were tested in rats with diseased retinas, where they successfully migrated into the retina and took on the characteristics of the surrounding neurons. Now the team is working on the same approach in humans.
In February 2008, researchers at Children’s Hospital Boston reported in the journal Cell Stem Cell the development of a new strain of zebrafish, named Casper, with see-through bodies. This allows for detailed visualization of individual blood stem cells and metastasizing (spreading) cancer cells within a living adult organism. Because the function of many genes are shared between fish and humans, this tool is expected to yield insight into human diseases such as leukemia and other cancers.
In April 2009, Researchers at the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Delhi announced the sequencing of the wild-type strain of Zebrafish, complete with about 1.7 billion genetic alphabets.

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Nikon AF-D 60mm F2.8 Macro

????????????????????????

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebrafish

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www.flickr.com/photos/chenhowen/sets/72157618669794787/

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There is one biochemistry company pay our lab 0 (US dollars) to get the rights to put this photo on their website and their product fliers. 0808.2009

??????????200??????6600??????????????????????????????????? 0830.2009

Jazz Paintings on fence in New Orleans
african songs
Image by denisbin
Jazz art on fence of Jackson Square New Orleans.

Some geography of New Orleans. The location and geography of New Orleans is unique in America. Most of the city is well below sea level, except for the French Quarter which was built on a natural levee of the river in the 1700s. As the city has expanded special levees, pumps and flood gates have been erected around the city. When Hurricane Katrina struck in 2005 the storm itself did damage to New Orleans but the major devastation came from the levees failing and water flooding at least 80% of the city area. It is useful to remember that 50% of New Orleans city is water and not land! Its location on the banks of the mighty Mississippi River, near the delta bayous and swamps was the raison d’être for the city. It was to control all navigation and commercial activity on the river and to provide a safe harbour as close as possible to the Gulf of Mexico. Because of its strategic location it has always been the prize for invaders during wars. The city has a tropical climate and the regions north of the city along the banks of the Mississippi were and are major sugar plantation areas, not cotton plantation areas. You have to travel upstate in Louisiana to find the cotton growing areas. This tropical climate along one of the world’s major water courses meant until recently that the area was plagued with Yellow Fever, malaria and other deadly illnesses. To the north and east of the city is Lake Pontchartrain, a huge body of water; in fact the city is bordered by water on three sides. By road the mouth of the Mississippi is over 100 miles away but this is because the river follows a circuitous route to the mouth of its delta. The city metropolitan area has a population of 1.1 million, exactly the same as the population of Adelaide. Although the population fell after Hurricane Katrina the population is now 90% of what is was before the hurricane. There is little evidence of flood damage in the areas that we will see as tourists. The French Quarter was not flooded because the founding French settlers sensibly chose a high site for their city.

Some early history of New Orleans. The city was founded in 1718 by the French Mississippi Company, a major trader in furs bought from the Indians up river. They got the local Indians, the Chitimacha to cede land to them. The Company named the city after the Duke of Orleans who was the Regent of France at that time. After the French Wars between the Indians, British, French and Spanish in America from 1756-63 the French ceded New Orleans to the Spanish. The Spanish held New Orleans from 1763 to 1801 when Napoleon defeated the Spanish and New Orleans and its territories to the west were returned to France. As Napoleon needed more funds to continue his Napoleonic Wars with Britain and others he soon (in 1803) sold New Orleans and all territories west of the Mississippi to President Jefferson for the small sum of million. West Florida, New Orleans and the west comprised over 800,000 square miles! The Louisiana Purchase covered – Arkansas, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nth & Sth Dakota, Oklahoma & parts of Texas and Wyoming.

When the French settled New Orleans they built a trading port city of wooden buildings on the high ground along the banks of the Mississippi. The streets were named after the royal houses of France and Catholic saints, hence Bourbon Street after the Dukes of Bourbon, not the whisky. Local pine was the timber used for building the houses, often on brick pylons to raise the houses above any possible flood threat. The compact town was destroyed by two major fires during the Spanish ownership of Louisiana in 1788 and again in 1794. The city was rebuilt in brick, with wrought iron balconies in the Spanish style usually with central courtyards. So most of what we see today in the French Quarter or Vieux Carré is actually of Spanish design and from the era of Spanish building in the late 1790s. So the French Quarter is really the Spanish Quarter and the Spanish buildings include the three major public buildings of this era- the Cathedral of St. Louis, and the adjoining Cabildo and Presbytere. The first St. Louis Cathedral was built in 1781; the second in 1725; and the third in 1789. That third structure in Spanish style was almost totally rebuilt in 1850 in the style of the previous cathedral.

The Strategic Importance of New Orleans. Not long after the Americans bought New Orleans a major war broke out between England and her former American colonies. War raged from 1812-14 when the British, amongst other achievements, sailed up the Potomac River in Washington and burnt down the White House and attacked the national capital. As the port that controlled the Mississippi and the river system that went up to the British colonies in Canada the British wanted to retake New Orleans. A young American officer, Andrew Jackson (later President Andrew Jackson) led the American forces in a battle with the British. The battle of New Orleans (remember the hit song about it in 1959?) took place in January 1815. It was the final battle of the War of 1812 and despite bad odds Andrew Jackson and the Americans prevailed and won the battle. Hence the main square in New Orleans is Jackson Square with a fine statue of the later President on horseback is in the centre of the square. And again during the Civil War both the Confederates and Unionists wanted to control New Orleans. During the Antebellum period New Orleans had been a major port for the slave trade and the major slave auction centre of the American South. Louisiana declared their secession from the Union in January 1861 and the Confederates bolstered their occupation of the area. It was the link to the South’s cotton plantations up the Mississippi River Valley and its link across the Mississippi to the wealthy states of Texas, Arkansas and some secessionist counties of Missouri. The first shots were fired at Fort Sumter in April 1861. New Orleans was blockaded by the North in May 1861 showing what an important prize the city was to the Union. After two short battles in April 1862 the Union forces occupied New Orleans and split the Confederacy into two parts as it then controlled the Mississippi River too.

The Creole Culture of New Orleans. Creole culture in Louisiana is still strong. Creoles are primarily the people descended from the early French and Spanish settlers mixed with later German immigrants and African slaves. Creoles were originally white Europeans but the term later included mixed race people. When the Haitian Revolution led by slaves erupted in 1804 many French residents fled from Haiti to New Orleans with their African slaves. They reinforced the French culture of New Orleans and established their three tiered society of white Creoles, mixed race Creoles and black slaves. The mixed race Creoles were mainly fee black people and added to the free black population of New Orleans. French speakers dominated in New Orleans until 1830. But as late as 1900, 25% of residents spoke French and 75% could understand it. (250,000 Louisianans still speak French at home today.) Half the schools in New Orleans taught in French until the Civil War. In 1862 the Union occupier of the city General Butler abolished French instruction and enforced English teaching. The War made New Orleans an American city. But the Creoles did not disappear. They continued to dominate society for some time. The Creole planters along the Mississippi lived on their plantations during the hot malaria filled summers but moved to their French Quarter town houses for the cool winters. (It was the reverse in Charleston where the planters lived in Charleston in the hot summers and spent winters on their plantations.) The New Orleans winter was the time for balls and parties and the celebrations around Lent and the Mardi Gras activities, which still persist as a reminder of the French heritage of the city. The white French Creoles also often took black slave women as mistresses but unlike the white Americans they tended to give freedom to the children born from these unions. Thus New Orleans ended up with the largest number of free blacks of any Southern city in the Antebellum days. Mixed race Creoles had their own society balls and functions. Many had property and were quite wealthy in their own rights because of grants from their white Creole fathers. But their access to political and legal rights disappeared during the Jim Crow era as white Americans applied their white-black caste system on all parts of America including Louisiana. Free persons of colour were discriminated against by the Jim Crow regulations and segregation in New Orleans too. Change came with of the Civil Rights era.

south african song and dance.
african songs
Image by josette
a sidewalk chalking near the BRNG bus stop.

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songs

Some nice morocco music pictures i discovered:

music
morocco music
Image by sheriffmitchell

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Great African Songs photographs

Discover these african songs pictures:

Performing an African song
african songs
Image by ali eminov

” The canoe and myself ” …. a tune of happiness !!! … Optimal complete display screen on black
african songs
Image by gmayster01 on & off …
www.youtube.com/watch?v=1WE0JEFNBVU

Al Di Meola & Leonid Augutin – Cosmopolitain Life

The canoe and me
An extended tale
a relationship !
An abstract presentation of mine
27 coats of varnish
Cedar strip planking ribs and gunnels
Canvas color green
3500 brass tacks
Thwarts , seats bow & stern – Rosewood
Porches – bow & stern – Lacewood ( African )

My pleasure and happiness
Area magic pond
g

Celebrating UN Day in Darfur
african tracks
Image by United Countries Photo
People in the Falata neighborhood perform conventional dances at Al Zubir Stadium in El Fasher, North Darfur, within celebrations for today’s us Day.
The African Union-UN Hybrid process in Darfur (UNAMID), UN companies therefore the people of Darfur gathered in El Fasher to commemorate the 67th anniversary of this UN as well as its maxims, with a unique parade, dances and peace tracks.
Picture ID 532954. 24/10/2012. El Fasher, Sudan. UN Photo/Albert González Farran. www.unmultimedia.org/photo/

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Good songs photographs

Some cool songs pictures:

Music – Day 13 of 50 Project
music
Image by Au Kirk
Somehow the Aperture sync feature deleted my information, title, tags, etc.

Submitted for 52 in 2013 Week #47 – Music

Submitted for 113 Pictures in 2013
#43 Key(s)

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Great African Songs photographs

Check out these african tracks photos:

Tabia executes at Laney University Kwanzaa
african tracks
Image by TheBlackHour.com
Laney university’s African American Studies division hosted a pre-Kwanzaa occasion in December 2009.

The function, which featured song and poetry by Tabia, alongside dance by Rehema Bah, recognized Dr. Carole Ward-Allen on her 40 many years utilizing the division.

The big event was arranged by Tamika Brown, Ethnic Studies seat.

Images by Aaron Lowe/Laney Tower.

Buffalo Nightlife
african songs
Image by Vlastula
In all honesty, I happened to be a bit frightened when I took this image. Whenever operating surrounding this neighbourhood, it thought like better no preventing on purple sign.

I believe it was some dance club which is apparently shut today. Thank to decorate & human body shop from the image below, I happened to be capable locate the area specifically.

Relating to article in Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, "the top’s appeal originated from requisite. Households couldn’t afford to dress kids in pricey clothing, so moms and dads would purchase packs of five T-shirts for and a kid would have clean tops for your few days." 1)

"The idea is the fact that in the event that you appear to be everybody else from the place, the authorities may have a more difficult time finding you. Some call-it urban camouflage. White t-shirts cannot signal a gang – simply the potentially unlawful behavior of group users, or anyone else, which may want to stay away from arrest." 2)

"Upscale groups, restaurants, stores and schools have actually begun banning white tees in rigid dress codes. Pupils were suspended for using white tees at schools round the nation because administrators say the tops indicate gang association." 1)

Putting on white tees had been popularized in addition thank to Dem Franchize Boyz 2004 track White Tee:
We slang during my white tee
I bang in my white tee
All-in the club spitting online game in my own white tee…

Sources:
1) www.post-gazette.com/pg/06219/711696-85.stm
2) www.gangresearch.net/GangResearch/Media/whitetshirt.htm

Tabia lights the candle lights for Kwanzaa
african songs
Image by TheBlackHour.com
Laney College’s African United states Studies division hosted a pre-Kwanzaa gathering in December 2009.

The big event, which showcased track and poetry by Tabia, with party by Rehema Bah, honored Dr. Carole Ward-Allen on her behalf 40 many years using Department.

The big event ended up being organized by Tamika Brown, Ethnic Studies Chair.

Photos by Aaron Lowe/Laney Tower.

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Cool African Songs images

Some cool african music pictures:

mike @ colesberg
african music
Image by ffreakazzoid
bed on bricks
6th harley davidson rally, colesberg
13 october 2006
www.bedonbricks.co.za

don & karen @ jingle bell rocks
african music
Image by ffreakazzoid
centurion shopping center
23 nov 2007
www.karenzoid.co.za

paul wilson @ colesberg
african music
Image by ffreakazzoid
south gypsey queen
6th harley davidson rally, colesberg
14 october 2006
www.sgq.co.za

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Songs Scholarships In Making Profession In Songs

Learners who have determined to select a vocation in tunes tend to be granted music scholarships. Not only grant and sources, a tune scholarship additionally produces a competition for learners who require to follow their particular occupation in tracks, gives all of them sustain. Personal Colleges as well as community university both are offering diverse sorts of music scholarships to pupils. Its a concept, which numerous individuals are maybe not aware of and its comprehension is growing slowly and gradually. That is incredibly helpful for students having notably ability in tunes to go for higher study in songs.

New colleges and colleges are starting in usa which includes track within their research together with the learners who wants to learn more about their music scholarships programs could possibly get touching this kind of institutes. Different types of songs scholarships might be offered based throughout the many kinds of tunes. The no-cost college investment are principally supplied for financial help and new possibilities. An individual can pass by means of a lot of awards back-links in order to get better comprehending of offered free college financing.

The examine of well-known songs is something through which each person will need his/her individual instrument and that is which it can get costly for folks. Usually pupils are certainly not able to protect such expenses therefore they need a kind of help with the form of economic assistance. In United States there plenty of a number of organizations and organizations, which are performing this, work by helping students, who choose to do progress into the study of beats. 1 will find multiple kinds of songs scholarships on internet. Music scholarships enable students which’re in need by delivering these with tool along with other connected requirements. The college and universities know the value of those learners plus they try to help them in every likely way.

Pupils which possess skill within the field of music usually are the 1 who are offered financial aid by types of schools and faculties because of the fact they can?t bear the cost on their own. In United States Of America you’ll discover countless characteristics, which are promoting these pupils to mold their particular audio abilities and give them a opportunity to display it the globe. The level of awareness about tunes analysis as well as its location is paid off. This is exactly why these scholarships or grants are utilized to advertise songs by helping student grab publicity during tracks industry. These funds make it possible for university students enter several types of tournaments to boost their particular abilities and gain knowledge.

These songs scholarships guidance students to spotlight tracks perhaps not in regards to the financial dilemmas. Exactly what this does for the reason that the scholars can entirely focus on their music rather on things like simple tips to boost cash for tools and other unrelated bills. The study of songs is gaining interest with every passing year. The official internet sites of different colleges could be seen whom supply songs scholarships in order to get a more efficient familiarity with those programs. These grants are supplied to domestic pupils a well as global individuals. These plans are mostly produced for enthusiasm of music and thus on acquire genuine performers.

For more info about songs scholarships click below:

http://www.scholarships4u.net/09/13/music-scholarships-for-making-career-in-music

http://ezinearticles.com/?Music-Scholarships-for-Making-a-Career-in-Music&id=5024888

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Express Your Love With Best Country Love Songs

There are many types of songs made every year. These songs can be made on various emotions like friendship, loneliness, festive, love, etc. Of all these emotions the love songs from the country side are really very popular. People love to listen to the country love songs. The best country love songs are really very touching. Sometimes you feel like the songs are depicting exactly what your heart is feeling at that very moment. The ting of the love that reflects in the best country love songs is just so fresh and touching that a person in love will feel it is just what they want to tell.

There are many countryside song writers that write very beautiful love songs. One such country side place where you can find the best country love songs is Nashville. There are many songwriters that write love songs but the love songs from the country side are just mind blowing. These songs are depicted in such a beautiful manner that it feels so true to the heart. A person who is in love with someone will surely miss his love if he will listen to these love songs.

There are many songwriters who write specifically love songs. The best country love songs are generally written when the song writers have passed through the situation. It brings more natural feeling to the song and people will get to know the things what they were not able to convey to the person whom they love. The main reason why the country love songs are so very much popular is that people who are not able to express their heart to their loved ones can easily do so by dedicating such love songs to them. It really helps them to do things in the right way.

So in case you are one of such people who are not good at expressing your love and feelings to your loved ones then you can look out for some best country love songs and then you can dedicate them to your love of life. In case you are not aware of any god love songs then you can hunt for them on the web. There are many websites where you can look out for such songs. So now expressing your love has also become really very much easier as compared to the earlier days. So what are you waiting for? Go and get the best country love songs for you love.

Nashville songwriters is Ben Krahne’ s creative project to share his Country love songs, thoughts & other best music collections about the industry.

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